Upon arrival, a pre-assessment meeting will take place with the key contact/decision makers of your company, affected supervisors, and maintenance personnel. The purpose of the meeting will be to discuss the risk assessment process, set the scope of the risk assessment project, and discuss the “acceptable or tolerable” risk perceptions. Arrangements will be necessary for an electrician to be available to open control enclosures during the assessments. The presence of an experienced machine operator will also required during the assessment as only an operational machine can be properly assessed.The machine risk assessment will be conducted by one of our risk assessment specialists using the guidelines of ANSI B11.0-2015 Safety of Machinery—General Requirements and Risk Assessment. Standardized detailed assessment forms and photo documentation will be used to identify the personnel tasks, identify the hazards, gather all applicable machine component and operational information necessary to determine the current machine risk ranking level. All applicable OSHA regulations and ANSI/NFPA standards will be considered during the machine review. Based on the assessment findings, the risk rankings will be calculated. In addition, suggested guarding changes will be made and potential risk ranking improvements calculated.
When evaluating machinery risks to meet OSHA and ANSI standards, there are three basic considerations:
- Severity of Injury
- Exposure Frequency
- Avoidance Likelihood
Severity of Injury: An evaluation of the injury severity (or consequences) of each possible hazard and rank order them by severity of the outcome will be done. This ranking will range from a possible fatality or limb amputation to minor “first aid” injuries.
Exposure Frequency: The exposure frequency is the number of times personnel (while performing a task) are exposed to a hazard in a given time period. We cannot get complacent with the work just because it has been performed in the past with no issues. Evaluations of the current engineered controls will be made in order to establish the exposure rate.
Avoidance Likelihood: The possibility of avoiding a hazard can be tied to the machinery or process design. If the operator must hand feed product closely into a hazard, the potential of avoiding injury is less than it would be if the product moved into the hazard from a remotely loaded conveyor or material handling system or if the machine or process design allowed the operator, set-up personnel, maintenance personnel, engineer, or any passers-by to walk along side of an unguarded hazard in order to get from one point to the other.
After the machine risk assessment is completed, a meeting will be scheduled to discuss the findings, explain the preliminary risk rankings, discuss possible ways of reducing the risk rankings, and discuss the time frame for completion of the detailed assessments and summary file.
The summary report will list all of the machinery assessed, show current risk ranking, suggest guarding improvements and associated potential risk ranking improvements. All electronic documentation will be supplied back to you on the appropriate electronic media, depending on size requirements.